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NU 509: Health Informatics: Evaluating Resources

Evaluating Information

The CRAAP Test* is a useful guide to evaluating resources. CRAAP is an acronym for the general categories of criteria that can be used to evaluate information you find. The criteria can help you evaluating various types of resources, such as articles, books, and websites. Although your research may uncover a large number of resources, not all materials may be relevant to your research questions or topic. Use the CRAAP Test to decide if information is appropriate for your research!



Note: the CRAAP test was developed by librarians at CSU Chico.


CRAAP Test Video

The CRAAP test can be used to evaluate information you find.

Video Source: YouTube, Jane Says

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Cornell University

Evaluating Sources

WHO created the source?

  • What authority do they have?
  • What are their credentials?
  • Is there contact information?

WHAT is the purpose?

  • Is it informing? Selling? Entertaining?
  • Is the point of view objective or biased?
  • What type of URL? .edu, .gov, .org, .net, .com

WHEN was it published?

  • Is the information up-to-date?
  • Does your topic require recent information?

WHERE does the information come from?

  • Does evidence support claims?
  • Are there references/bibliography?
  • Can information be verified?
  • Does it present fact or opinion?

WHY is this source useful?

  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is it written at an appropriate level?
  • Does it help answer your research question?