This e-book from the Rand Corporation discusses how ethics are created, monitored, and enforced across scientific disciplines and across international borders. The authors reviewed literature from across scientific disciplines and conducted interviews with experts in the United States, Europe, and China. The research had two motivations: (1) to inform researchers and sponsors who engage in research in emerging scientific disciplines and who may face new ethical challenges, and (2) to inform research sponsors — including government officials — who wish to encourage ethical research without unintentionally encouraging researchers to pursue their research in other jurisdictions.
Provides a 'state of the art account of work on ecological integrity - and offers a compelling vision for the future. Derek Bell, Senior Lecturer at the School of Geography, Politics and Sociology, University of Newcastle. A book of vast scope and richness ... If policymakers around the world took notice of this insightful set of messages, we would all live with greater happiness, health, and wellbeing, with a brighter future for our children and grandchildren.
This edition features viewpoints discussing aspects of our environment, including pollution, the debate about climate change, fracking, nuclear energy, changes that can be made to improve our environment, and other current topics. Readers are exposed to many sides of the debates, which promotes issue awareness as well as critical thinking. Compelling essay sources include the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change, United Nations Global Environmental Alert Service, the Grocery Manufacturers Association, and Friends of the Earth.
Will machines take over the world one day? Will they have human emotions? Will they be our friends or foes? Will they make our lives easier or will they wipe out the human labor force? Readers will come to their own conclusions after reading articles from leading experts forecasting how robots and machines will be integrated into our world, as well as their warnings about how it could all go horribly wrong. Aside from the obvious benefits, the development of artificial intelligence brings up a host of ethical considerations, which are being debated by the world's technology leaders before it's too late.
Within the limits of today's technology, the human genome is as complete as it can be. With this map came a new era of Science. We believe that this map will, and does, unlock many health and developmental mysteries. This volume explores issues relating to the science of human genetics. Should we get onboard with human genetic enhancement and therapies? Should private companies be able to patent and profit from their genetic discoveries when that map is the crux of humanity? Is genetic testing beneficial? Lastly, what is the impact of collecting human genetic information; who's going to track us and why? This single volume answers these questions, from a variety of well-respected resources, in an array of viewpoints in which many views are divergent. This panoply of information allows readers to think critically and develop their own intelligent viewpoints.