PHA 627: Research Methods

Health Inequities

Health inequities are systematic differences in the health status of different population groups. These inequities have significant social and economic costs both to individuals and society. There is ample evidence that social factors, including education, employment status, income level, gender and ethnicity have a marked influence on how healthy a person is. (World Health Organization)  

This guide offers resources that discuss disparities among population groups in the United States which are critical in providing equal access to healthcare services.

Related Monmouth University Guides on Racism and Diversity

Tips on searching for articles in Nursing & Health Databases

Suggested search terms:

health status disparities
health services accessibility
healthcare disparities

To further narrow results, add terms such as race, age, or gender.

Healthcare disparities in the US

Selected articles by Dr. David Williams (Harvard)

Mateo CM, Williams DR. Addressing Bias and Reducing Discrimination: The Professional Responsibility of Health Care Provides. Acad Med. 2020 Dec;95 doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003683. PMID:32889919.

National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report

National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report 

The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality annually reports on progress and opportunities for improving healthcare quality and reducing healthcare disparities. 

Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity

CDC: Healthy People 2020


The House I Live In


Defining Hope