Research Process

Guide to the research process.


A citation serves two purposes: it gives credit to the author, artist, or creator and it enables your reader to locate the sources you cited. You should cite sources you have paraphrased, quoted, or otherwise used in your research paper. A style guide shows you how to format your footnotes, bibliography, or works cited lists, as well as how to structure your paper. The style you use (AMA, APA, Chicago, MLA) depends on your field of inquiry. Check with your professor to see which style is most appropriate.

Cite Your Sources

Citation is your indication that certain material in your work came from another source. It also provides readers with the information necessary to find that source again. Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing.

The following situations almost always require citation:

  • quotation
  • paraphrasing
  • use of an idea not your own
  • specific reference to the work of another
  • use of someone else's work to develop your own ideas

Adapted from:

Citation Manuals

Citation Managers

Citation Managers can help you keep track of your references and share your citations.  They can help you create a bibliography and organize your work more easily.

The Writing Center

At MU writing services, you'll find a dedicated team of undergraduates, graduate students, professionals and faculty who are eager to offer writing assistance to the Monmouth community. Our motto is: we help produce strong writers, not just better papers! We offer writing instruction one a one-to-one basis to students at every level, of every major, and at every stage of the writing process. Please make an appointment with us and find out what we are all about!