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BM 510: Business Research, Analysis and Communication: Citing Sources

Cite Your Sources

Citation is your indication that certain material in your work came from another source. It also provides readers with the information necessary to find that source again. Giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing.

The following situations almost always require citation:

  • quotation
  • paraphrasing
  • use of an idea not your own
  • specific reference to the work of another
  • use of someone else's work to develop your own ideas

Adapted from:

Locating & Using DOI information

What is a DOI?

  • A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is a stable (permanent) URL that is linked to the specific document and cannot be changed.

Why do I need one?

  • Most citation formats now require DOI information.

Why are DOIs necessary?

  • Many online resources appear on multiple websites and databases. A DOI is linked permanently to a specific document and cannot be changed.

NOTE: You may not always see the DOI information for a resource in its reference information, but you can look it up using the Crossref information base! Click the graphic below to get started.

Sources: Crossref, Scribbr, The DOI Foundation

Academic Writer (APA Style)

Master the art of scholarly writing with Academic Writer! Features include:

NOTE: Academic Writer has been updated to include the latest changes to the APA Style Manual for the 7th edition. Click here to learn more about new content and features.

APA: Citing an Electronic Journal Article


  • Only the first word in an article title should be capitalized.
  • Journal title and volume number should be in italics.
  • NEW! doi number must be complete URL (starts with https://)

APA Publication Manual

A copy of the APA Publication Manual is available at the Library's Reference Desk. Click here for a tutorial on how to cite sources using APA style. 


NOTE: The APA Publication Manual was updated to its 7th edition in October 2019. Refer to the APA Style Blog for useful tools, guidelines and discussion of specific APA topics, or click here to see what's new.

Citation Help

Here are some great resources to help with proper citation styles:

   OWL: Excelsior Online Writing Lab 

This handy open source guide from Excelsior College provides reference and instruction on conducting research, preventing plagiarism and use of APA, MLA and Chicago Style citations.


This research platform offers tools for note-taking, outlining, citation, document archiving/annotation and collaborative research and writing. You will need to create a personal account to save your work. 

     Resources for Writers

The Monmouth University Writing Center provides style sheets for writing, grammar, citation styles and the writing process on its Resources for Writers page. One-on-one assistance available by appointment.


This platform offers tools that assist with collecting, organizing and citing research as well as for collaborative research and writing. You will need to create a personal account to save your work.